|The main reason that brought me to Philly was to see and learn more about the Independance Hall, which is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The reason why it's listed though is not the common reasons like the beauty of the architecture, the location nor the history of the building.|
The reason why it was listed amongst
the Heritage Sites it's because of what was discussed in there.
That's the location where were drafted both the Declaration of
Independence (1776) and the Constitution (1787) were both signed in
that historic building. The Constitution was drafted after four long
months of discussions in the heat of the summer.
OK, so, that's good for the USA you'll
say... but what's in for the rest of the world, to justify its
inclusion on a world list of places to keep and protect? Well, those
two documents were the first of their kind to promote the
self-determination, freedom and democracy in such extent. They were
also the model after which all other similar documents were based,
all over the world.
In a sense, we could say that it's the
modern birthplace of republican democracy as we know it today, as
opposed to the British/Royal dominated parliamentary democracy (still
used throughout the Commonwealth). It's a time reference point in
terms of human politics. They were not the precursors of the human
rights, since they still recognized slavery was legit (but not in
Philly was also the first capital of
the USA, right after the independence. It was decided that the
nation's capital shouldn't be part of any of the existing colonies...
hence the creation of the District of Columbia, with lands provided
by the neighbouring colonies. But before the Capital was built
(including of course the main buildings), the President and the
federal government were seated in Philadelphia.
Why Philadelphia? Because of its
central location amongst the colonies and also they had the
Independence Hall, which at the time was the largest building of the
New World... to accommodate all the delegates from the colonies.
Since they already drafted the new country here, they decided to stay
here a bit longer waiting for the city of Washington to be built.
By the way, it's not a unique way to
create a capital city. Australia also did it the same way, for
Canberra. But it's true that most capitals of the world acquired
that status because they were already a central point of political of
So, whenever you're in Philadelphia,
visit this important building, in which human (not only American)
history was created and written.